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On the 9 Nov 2017 Charles Grant, Director of the Centre for European Reform. published his predictions on how Brexit will unfold in The Guardian (see Charles Grant How Brexit will unfold – Britain will get a deal, but it’ll come at a price The Guardian 9 Nov 2017). In his view, there will be:
1. A deal on citizens' rights, Ireland and the divorce settlement in December 2017;
2. A hard border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland;
3. A transitional arrangement on the EU’s terms;
4. No agreement on the future relationship between the EU and the UK before the UK leaves the EU;
5. No detailed proposals from the UK on a future economic partnership;
6. No bespoke agreement for the UK;
7. Some access to the single market in some sectors;
8. No undercutting by the UK of EU regulatory standards;
9. No preferential access to the EU's financial markets for the British financial services industries; and
10. Some kind of free trade agreement between the EU and UK.
That is probably the best that can be expected from the negotiations. There are many who fear that no deal will be reached at all. The Confederation of German Industry, the German equivalent of the CBI, has warned its members who trade with or invest in Britain to prepare for a very hard Brexit indeed (see German Industry Federation advises its Members to prepare for a Hard Brexit 5 Oct 2017). As the UK will cease to be represented by the EU in international trade negotiations, the British and EU representatives to the World Trade Organization have indicated to the other contracting parties how they will collaborate (see UK's Future Relationship with the World Trade Organization 16 Oct 2017).
It is said that progress in the negotiations has stalled over money and that may well be the case in the short term. In the long term, however, it is likely to be the absence of a means of holding the UK to account if it refuses to acknowledge the jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union. The Institute of Government considered a number of alternatives in Some Proposals for Dispute Resolution from the Institute for Government 8 Oct 2017 none of which is entirely satisfactory. As the issue has arisen first in the protection of citizens' rights, it is worth looking at HMG's Technical Note: Citizens; Rights - Administrative Procedures in the UK. I would not be attracted by those proposals if I were a negotiator for the EU 27. I think it is overly optimistic to expect a deal by December, but we shall see.
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